Pivotal World Series Moments
Grimes Outduels Groves
1931 World Series Game 3: St. Louis Cardinals @ Philadelphia Athletics
After the teams split the first two games in St. Louis, they moved to Philadelphia for the crucial third game.
After a travel day, rain delayed Game 3 another day. That allowed A's manager Connie Mack to pitch his ace, Lefty Grove, the Game 1 starter, in Game 3 with three days rest.
The Cards touched Grove for a dozen hits in the opener, but they strung them together so seldom that they scored only two runs, both in the first inning of the 6-2 loss.

L-R: Lefty Grove, Burleigh Grimes, Pepper Martin
Cardinals manager Gabby Street started 37-year-old Burleigh Grimes, a 16-year ma­jor league veteran, who went 17-9 in 1931, his second year with the Redbirds. Grimes learned to throw the spitball as a teenager. By the time he reached the majors, he chewed slippery elm in order to get more juice on the ball. However, the juice from the wood irri­tated his skin, so he didn't shave on days he was scheduled to pitch. The dark stubble on his face added to his menacing appearance and earned him the nickname "Ol' Stubble­beard." He was one of 22 pitchers who were allowed to continue throwing the spitball in 1920 when the pitch was outlawed.
One Cardinal stood out in the first two Series games. Rookie CF Pepper Martin went 5-for-7 at the plate with three runs scored and three stolen bases off one of the best catchers of the era, Mickey Cochrane. That was the beginning of one of the great individual per­formances in World Series history.
Martin was described by one reporter as "hawk-nosed and bandy-legged" with "the shoulders of a piano-carrier, a sprinter's speed, a fullback's fight."
The weather made it seem like a summer day – clear and 84°, which was 11 degrees above normal for Philadelphia in early October.

L-R: Mickey Cochrane, Jim Bottomley, Chick Hafey, Jimmie Wilson
Cardinals Score First
The Redbirds took a 2-0 lead in the top of the second. 1B Jim Bottomley worked a walk off Grove before LF Chick Hafey fouled out. As Martin walked to the plate, a rousing cheer greeted him from the hometown fans. He responded by hitting the first pitch for a hit-and-run single to center that sent Bottomley to third. Then with Grove squinting constantly at Martin, C Jimmie Wilson's single scored Bottomley and sent Martin racing to third. When SS Charlie Gelbert lined out to right field, Martin tagged and scored the Cards' second run.
When Martin went out to his position in center field in the bottom of the inning, the A's fans in the bleachers gave him a rousing ovation as if he were the home team hero.
Meanwhile, the Athletics didn't even get a baserunner against Grimes until 2B Max Bishop walked to start the fourth. But he didn't leave first as Grimes retired the heart of the A's order 1-2-3.
Grimes Helps His Own Cause
After Hafey singled to start the fourth, Martin came to the plate amid "a mighty thunder of applause." Pepper recalled the at-bat in a conversation published in True magazine in 1959.
When I came up in that third game, Grove said to me, "You country ----, I'm gonna throw this right through your head." I said, "You country ----, you do that." Coch­rane had to laugh, and I hit the pitch out to the scoreboard in right center.
Pepper wound up at second with a double as Hafey took third.
Grove almost got out of the jam with no damage. He got C Jimmie Wilson to bounce out to third as the runners held. Then SS Charlie Gelbert took a called third strike. With the pitcher up next, the A's had every reason to believe Grove would snuff out the rally. Instead, Grimes lined a single to right-center, scoring both runners to extend the Cards' lead to 4-0.
Bill Dooly wrote in the Philadelphia Inquirer the next day, "This hit of Grimes was not a long one.... The throw would have caught the runner of ordinary speed, but Martin wasn't an ordinary runner. He was the reincarnation of winged Mercury ..."
Once again, the bleacherites gave Pepper "a great cheer" when he returned to his position in center field in the bottom of the fourth.
Burleigh carried a no-hitter into the bottom of the eighth. He was only six outs away from becoming the first pitcher to hurl a no-hitter in a World Series game. But after 1B Jimmie Foxx walked, RF Bing Miller broke the spell with a ringing single over the pitch­er's head to center field. Unphased, Grimes retired the next three batters to strand the two run­ners.

L-R: Jimmie Foxx, Bing Miller, Roy Mahaffey
Cards Get Fifth Run
St. Louis added an insurance run in the top of the ninth. 3B Jake Flowers led off with a walk against A's reliever Roy Mahaffey. RF Wally Roetger tried to sacrifice, but Mahaf­fey nailed Flowers at second. After 2B Frankie Frisch grounded out, Bottomley clouted a double to deep right-center field to score George Watkins. Cardinals 5 Athletics 0
The only question now was whether Grimes would finish his shutout which would be quite a feat against the team that finished third in the American League in runs scored. He almost made it after retiring the first two batters on groundouts. But the second out came on a hot grounder up the middle that Burleigh tried to handle barehanded. He injured the index finger on his pitching hand.
After a long conference on the mound, Burleigh decided to continue. But he walked Cochrane, and Simmons smashed a home run to deep right field to give the home crowd some hope. But Burleigh squashed that by fanning Foxx on a spitter to end the game.
The World Series: A Complete Pictorial History, John Devaney and Burt Goldblatt (1972)
"Burleigh Grimes," Charles F. Faber, sabr.org
"October 5, 1931: Cardinals tag Grove early; Burleigh Grimes grinds in Game 3," Doug Feldmann, sabr.org.
Pepper Martin: A Baseball Biography, Thomas Barthel (2003)